Professor John Spicer
Profiles

Professor John Spicer

Professor

School of Biological and Marine Sciences (Faculty of Science and Engineering)

Professor John Spicer can be contacted through arrangement with our Press Office, to speak to the media on these areas of expertise.
  • Biodiversity
  • Ocean acidification
  • Oxygen in marine environment
  • Sandhoppers and strandlines
  • Evolution and development
  • Science and faith
Biography

Biography

Professor of Marine Zoology

Professor John Spicer is a marine zoologist at the University’s Marine Institute with expertise in ecophysiology.

His research interests focus on the innermost workings of marine organisms in a quest to understand how the work and evolve in the wild, and how they adapt to climate change.

An eminent scientist renowned for his expertise in ocean acidification and hypoxia, he has contributed a substantial wealth of knowledge to the field over three decades, resulting in over 180 research papers, multiple academic books, writing for popular culture, and advising national and international policymakers.

Qualifications

BSc (Hons) Zoology, Glasgow 1982

PhD in Zoology, Glasgow 1987

PGCE(S) (with distinctions), Jordanhill College, Glasgow 1991

Professional membership

Member of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Member of the Scottish Association for Marine Science

Member of the Society of Experimental Biology

member of Christians in Science, UK

Teaching

Teaching

Teaching interests

MBIO162 Biodiversity (Co-ordinator) (1st year module, 200+ students)

MBIO228 Experimental Marine Biology Field Course (2nd year module, 50+ students)

MBIO329 Marine Biology: An evolutionary approach (Co-ordinator) (3rd year module 50+ students)

Staff serving as external examiners

  • External examining duties for UK Universities (undergraduate)

2009 – 2012. BSc (Hons) Marine Biology (Code C161), BSc (Hons) Marine Zoology (Code C350) BSc (Hons) Marine Biology & Oceanography (Code CF17). School of Marine Science & Technology, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

2009 – 2014. BSc (Hons) Animal Biology (Code C190), BSc (Hons) Biology (Code C101).School of Biology, University of Gloucester.

2012 – 2016. BSc (Hons) Zoology (C300), MSci Zoology. BSc (Hons) Marine & Freshwater Biology (Code C164), MSci Marine & Freshwater BiologySchool of Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, University of Glasgow.

2014 – 2017. MMarBiol(Hons) (Code C161), Marine Biology, BSc (Hons) (Code C160), Marine Biology, BSc (Hons), Marine Biology & Oceanography (Code C1F7), BSc (Hons) Ecology & Environment (Code C192) School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Marine Biology, Ecology.

2015 – 2018. MRes Conservation and Resource Management (Code: EVCR), MSc Conservation and Resource Management (Code MSC/CRM), School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool.


External examining duties for UK and International universities (postgraduate research)

·    2020. PhD. Physiological and ecotoxicological interaction of copper and ocean acidification in the polychaete worms Hediste diversicolor and Alitta virens. University of Exeter, UK

·    2019. PhD. Trans-generational responses of gammarid amphipods to salinity change: energy budgets and life history traits. University of Wales, Bangor, UK.

·    2019. PhD The challenge of scaling from individual physiology to population level effects: using the Dynamic Energy Budget to describe and predict crustacean responses to climate variability. University of Southampton, UK.

·    2018. PhD.: Environmental change impacts on marine calcifiers: Spatial and temporal patterns. University of Cambridge, UK.

·    2017. PhD. Ocean Acidification in the Baltic Sea – Implications for the bivalve Macoma balthica. Environmental and Marine Biology, Faculty of Science & Engineering, Åbo Akademi University Abo, Finland.

·    2017. PhD. Marine Biodiversity of Antarctic hard rock communities: species biomass and energy use. Open University and British Antarctic Survey.

·    2017. PhD. Oxygen limited: Thermal effects on growth and survival of aquatic ectotherms. University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.

·    2016. PhD. Parasite effects on the feeding behaviour and functional response of the invasive amphipod Gammarus pulex (Crustacea; Amphipoda) Queen’s University, Belfast, U.K.

·    2016. PhD. Marine fish carbonates – Contribution to sediment production in temperature environments. University of Exeter, U.K..

·    2016. PhD. Effects of climate change on commercially harvested shellfish. University of Belfast, U.K..

·    2015. PhD. Determining the impacts of ocean acidification and global warming on biotic interactions in shallow-water marine environments. University of Wales, Aberystwyth, U.K.

·    2014. PhD Oxygen supply capacity – not a good fitness indicator for eurythermal crustaceans. Aarhus University, Denmark.

·    2014. PhD. Individual variability and phenotypic plasticity: tracking the effect of the environment on the biogeography, population structure, ecophysiology and reproduction of the sandhoppers Talorchestia capensis and Africorchestia quadrispinosa. Rhodes University, South Africa.

·    2014. PhD. Effects of climate change on the Norway lobster early development. Hörsalen, Lovén centrum för marina vetenskaper – Kristineberg, Fiskebäckskil, Sweden.

·    2012 PhD. Impacts of ocean acidification and environmental copper on the harpacticoid copepod Tisbe battagliai. University of Newcastle, U.K.

·    2012. PhD. Physiological responses to different environmental and culture conditions during ontogeny of the spiny lobster Sagmariasus verreauxi, University of Tasmania, Australia.

·    2012. PhD. Functional responses of the intertidal amphipod Echinogammarus marinus: effects of prey supply, model selection and habitat complexity. Queen’s University, Belfast, U.K.

·    2009. PhD. Metabolism and protein synthesis in gammarid amphipods. University of Bangor, U.K.

·    2007. PhD. The ecophysiology of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia), University of Aberdeen & University of the Highlands and Islands, U.K.

·    2005 University of Glasgow, U.K.

·    2004 University of Leicester. U.K.

·    2003 University of St Andrews, U.K.

·    2001 Queens University, Belfast, U.K.

·    1998 University of Plymouth (when I was at U. of Sheffield), U.K.

·    1997 University of Leicester, U.K.


Research

Research

Publications

Publications

Key publications

Key publications are highlighted

Journals
Articles
Haskett H, Gill L, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2024) 'The embryonic thermal environment has positive but weak effects on thermal tolerance later in life in the aquatic invertebrate Gammarus chevreuxi' Marine Environmental Research 195, 106350-106350 ,
Amstutz A, Firth LB, Spicer JI, De Frenne P, Gómez-Aparicio L, Graae BJ, Kus S, Lindmo S, Orczewska A & Rodríguez-Sánchez F (2024) 'Taking sides? Aspect has limited influence on soil environment or litter decomposition in pan-European study of roadside verges' Pedobiologia 102, 150927-150927 ,
Amstutz A, Firth LB, Foggo A, Spicer JI & Hanley ME (2023) 'The north–south divide? Macroalgal functional trait diversity and redundancy varies with intertidal aspect' Annals of Botany ,
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Rundle SD & Tills O (2023) 'Comparative phenomics: a new approach to study heterochrony' Frontiers in Physiology 14, ,
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Ibbini Z & Tills O (2023) 'Phenomics as an approach to Comparative Developmental Physiology' Frontiers in Physiology 14, ,
Huo D, Gaitán-Espitia JD, Spicer JI & Yang H (2023) 'Editorial: The adaptation and response of aquatic animals in the context of global climate change' Frontiers in Marine Science 10, ,
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Rundle SD & Tills O (2023) 'A phenomics approach reveals interspecific differences in integrated developmental responses to chronic elevated temperatures' Journal of Experimental Biology 226, (12) ,
Wilson CH, Wyeth RC, Spicer JI & McGaw IJ (2022) 'Effect of Animal Stocking Density and Habitat Enrichment on Survival and Vitality of Wild Green Shore Crabs, Carcinus maenas, Maintained in the Laboratory' Animals 12, (21) 2970-2970 ,
Tills O, Holmes LA, Quinn E, Everett T, Truebano M & Spicer JI (2022) 'Phenomics enables measurement of complex responses of developing animals to global environmental drivers' Science of the Total Environment ,
Ibbini Z, Spicer JI, Truebano M, Bishop J & Tills O (2022) 'HeartCV: a tool for transferrable, automated measurement of heart rate and heart rate variability in transparent animals' Journal of Experimental Biology 225, (19) ,
Garrard SL, Spicer JI & Thompson RC (2022) 'Tyre particle exposure affects the health of two key estuarine invertebrates' Environmental Pollution 314, ,
Collins M, Truebano M & Spicer JI (2022) 'Consequences of thermal plasticity for hypoxic performance in coastal amphipods' Marine Environmental Research 177, ,
McAndry C, Collins M, Tills O, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2022) 'Regulation of gene expression during ontogeny of physiological function in the brackishwater amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi' Marine Genomics 63, ,
Spicer J & bednarsek N (2021) 'Synthesis of thresholds of ocean acidification impacts on decapods' Frontiers in Marine Science ,
Amstutz A, Firth LB, Spicer JI & Hanley ME (2021) 'Facing up to climate change: Community composition varies with aspect and surface temperature in the rocky intertidal' Marine Environmental Research 172, ,
Bednaršek N, Calosi P, Feely RA, Ambrose R, Byrne M, Chan KYK, Dupont S, Padilla-Gamiño JL, Spicer JI & Kessouri F (2021) 'Synthesis of Thresholds of Ocean Acidification Impacts on Echinoderms' Frontiers in Marine Science 8, ,
Wilson CH, Nancollas SJ, Rivers ML, Spicer JI & McGaw IJ (2021) 'Effects of handling during experimental procedures on stress indices in the green shore crab, <i>Carcinus maenas</i> (L)' Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 54, (2) 65-86 ,
Tills O, Spicer JI, Ibbini Z & Rundle SD (2021) 'Spectral phenotyping of embryonic development reveals integrative thermodynamic responses' BMC Bioinformatics 22, (1) ,
Collins M, Truebano M, Verberk WCEP & Spicer JI (2021) 'Do aquatic ectotherms perform better under hypoxia after warm acclimation?' The Journal of Experimental Biology 224, (3) jeb232512-jeb232512 ,
Collins M, Clark MS, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2020) 'Transcriptional frontloading contributes to cross‐tolerance between stressors' Evolutionary Applications ,
Clayton KA & Spicer JI (2020) 'Evidence for physiological niche expansion of an intertidal flatworm: evolutionary rescue in the wild' Marine Ecology Progress Series 651, (0) 85-95 ,
Verberk WCEP, Calosi P, Brischoux F, Spicer J, Garland TJ & Bilton D (2020) 'Universal metabolic constraints shape the evolutionary ecology of diving in animals' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences ,
Small DP, Calosi P, Rastrick SPS, Turner LM, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2020) 'The effects of elevated temperature and PCO2 on the energetics and haemolymph pH homeostasis of juveniles of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus' The Journal of Experimental Biology 223, (8) jeb209221-jeb209221 ,
Bednaršek N, Feely RA, Beck MW, Alin SR, Siedlecki SA, Calosi P, Norton EL, Saenger C, Štrus J & Greeley D (2020) 'Exoskeleton dissolution with mechanoreceptor damage in larval Dungeness crab related to severity of present-day ocean acidification vertical gradients' Science of The Total Environment 716, (0) 0-0 ,
Truebano M, Robertson SD, Houston SJS & Spicer JI (2020) 'Ontogeny of osmoregulation in the brackishwater amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 524, 151312-151312 ,
McCoy JCS, Spicer JI, Tills O & Rundle SD (2020) 'Both maternal and embryonic exposure to mild hypoxia influence embryonic development of the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)' J Exp Biol ,
Collins M, Tills O, Turner LM, Clark MS, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2019) 'Moderate reductions in dissolved oxygen may compromise performance in an ecologically-important estuarine invertebrate' Science of the Total Environment 693, 133444-133444 ,
Spicer JI, Morley SA & Bozinovic F (2019) 'Physiological diversity, biodiversity patterns and global climate change: testing key hypotheses involving temperature and oxygen' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374, (1778) 20190032-20190032 ,
Spicer JI & Morley SA (2019) 'Will giant polar amphipods be first to fare badly in an oxygen-poor ocean? Testing hypotheses linking oxygen to body size' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374, (1778) 0-0 ,
Chadwick M, Harper EM, Lemasson A, Spicer JI & Peck LS (2019) 'Quantifying susceptibility of marine invertebrate biocomposites to dissolution in reduced pH' Royal Society Open Science 6, (6) 190252-190252 ,
Guscelli E, Spicer JI & Calosi P (2019) 'The importance of inter‐individual variation in predicting species' responses to global change drivers' Ecology and Evolution 9, (8) 4327-4339 ,
Tills O, Spicer JI, Grimmer A, Marini S, Jie VW, Tully E & Rundle SD (2018) 'A high-throughput and open-source platform for embryo phenomics' PLOS Biology 16, (12) ,
Arnberg M, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Taban IC, Bamber SD, Westerlund S, Vingen S, Baussant T, Bechmann RK & Dupont S (2018) 'Effects of oil and global environmental drivers on two keystone marine invertebrates' Scientific Reports 8, (1) 0-0 ,
Calder-Potts RN, Spicer JI, Calosi P, Findlay HS, Queirós AM & Widdicombe S (2018) 'Density-dependent responses of the brittlestar Amphiura filiformis to moderate hypoxia and consequences for nutrient fluxes' Marine Ecology Progress Series 594, 175-191 ,
Truebano M, Tills O, Collins M, Clarke C, Shipsides E, Wheatley C & Spicer JI (2018) 'Short-term acclimation in adults does not predict offspring acclimation potential to hypoxia' Scientific Reports 8, (1) 0-0 ,
Verberk WCEP, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Kehl S & Bilton DT (2017) 'Does plasticity in thermal tolerance trade off with inherent tolerance? The influence of setal tracheal gills on thermal tolerance and its plasticity in a group of European diving beetles' J Insect Physiol ,
Collins M, Tills O, Spicer JI & Truebano M (2017) 'De novo transcriptome assembly of the amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi exposed to chronic hypoxia' Marine Genomics 33, 17-19 ,
Ellis RP, Davison W, Queirós AM, Kroeker KJ, Calosi P, Dupont S, Spicer JI, Wilson RW, Widdicombe S & Urbina MA (2017) 'Does sex really matter? Explaining intraspecies variation in ocean acidification responses' Biology Letters 13, (2) 0-0 ,
McConville K, Atkinson A, Fileman ES, Spicer JI & Hirst AG (2016) 'Disentangling the counteracting effects of water content and carbon mass on zooplankton growth' Journal of Plankton Research ,
Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2016) 'Heterokairy: a significant form of developmental plasticity?' BIOLOGY LETTERS 12, (9) ,
Tills O, Sun X, Rundle SD, Heimbach T, Gibson T, Cartwright A, Palmer M, Rudin-Bitterli T & Spicer JI (2016) 'Reduced pH affects pulsing behaviour and body size in ephyrae of the moon jellyfish, Aurelia aurita' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 480, 54-61 ,
Rudin-Bitterli TS, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2016) 'Differences in the timing of cardio-respiratory development determine whether marine gastropod embryos survive or die in hypoxia' The Journal of Experimental Biology 219, (Pt 7) 1076-1085 ,
Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2016) 'The sensitivity of the early benthic juvenile stage of the European lobster Homarus gammarus (L.) to elevated pCO2 and temperature' Marine Biology 163, (3) ,
Truebano M, Tills O & Spicer JI (2016) 'Embryonic transcriptome of the brackishwater amphipod Gammarus chevreuxi' Marine Genomics 28, 5-6 ,
Orland C, Queiros AM, Spicer JI, McNeill CL, Higgins S, Goldworthy S, Zananiri T, Archer L & Widdicombe S (2016) 'Application of computer-aided tomography techniques to visualize kelp holdfast structure reveals the importance of habitat complexity for supporting marine biodiversity' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 477, 47-56 ,
Rodríguez-Romero A, Jarrold MD, Massamba-N'Siala G, Spicer JI & Calosi P (2015) 'Multi-generational responses of a marine polychaete to a rapid change in seawater p CO 2' Evolutionary Applications 9, (9) 1082-1095 ,
Ricevuto E, Benedetti M, Regoli F, Spicer JI & Gambi MC (2015) 'Antioxidant capacity of polychaetes occurring at a natural CO2 vent system: Results of an in situ reciprocal transplant experiment' Marine Environmental Research 112, 44-51 ,
Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2015) 'Stage-Specific Changes in Physiological and Life-History Responses to Elevated Temperature and P<scp>co</scp><sub>2</sub>during the Larval Development of the European Lobster<i>Homarus gammarus</i>(L.)' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 88, (5) 494-507 ,
Calder-Potts R, Spicer JI, Calosi P, Findlay HS & Widdicombe S (2015) 'A mesocosm study investigating the effects of hypoxia and population density on respiration and reproductive biology in the brittlestar Amphiura filiformis' Marine Ecology Progress Series 534, 135-147 ,
Davies JS, Stewart HA, Narayanaswamy BE, Jacobs C, Spicer J, Golding N & Howell KL (2015) 'Benthic Assemblages of the Anton Dohrn Seamount (NE Atlantic): Defining Deep-Sea Biotopes to Support Habitat Mapping and Management Efforts with a Focus on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems' PLOS ONE 10, (5) e0124815-e0124815 ,
Ellis RP, Widdicombe S, Parry H, Hutchinson TH & Spicer JI (2015) 'Pathogenic challenge reveals immune trade-off in mussels exposed to reduced seawater pH and increased temperature' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 462, 83-89 ,
Rastrick SPS, Calosi P, Calder-Potts R, Foggo A, Nightingale G, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2014) 'Living in warmer, more acidic oceans retards physiological recovery from tidal emersion in the velvet swimming crab, Necora puber' J Exp Biol 217, (Pt 14) 2499-2508 ,
Ellis RP, Spicer JI, Byrne JJ, Sommer U, Viant MR, White DA & Widdicombe S (2014) '(1)H NMR metabolomics reveals contrasting response by male and female mussels exposed to reduced seawater pH, increased temperature, and a pathogen' Environ Sci Technol 48, (12) 7044-7052 ,
Sanders T, Widdicombe S, Calder-Potts R & Spicer JI (2014) 'Environmental hypoxia but not minor shell damage affects scope for growth and body condition in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (L.)' Mar Environ Res 95, 74-80 ,
Rudin-Bitterli TS, Tills O, Spicer JI, Culverhouse PF, Wielhouwer EM, Richardson MK & Rundle SD (2014) 'Combining motion analysis and microfluidics--a novel approach for detecting whole-animal responses to test substances' PLoS One 9, (12) ,
Spicer JI (2014) 'What can an ecophysiological approach tell us about the physiological responses of marine invertebrates to hypoxia?' J Exp Biol 217, (Pt 1) 46-56 ,
Tills O, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2013) 'Parent--offspring similarity in the timing of developmental events: an origin of heterochrony?' Proc Biol Sci 280, (1769) ,
Widdicombe S, Blackford JC & Spicer JI (2013) 'Assessing the environmental consequences of CO2 leakage from geological CCS: generating evidence to support environmental risk assessment' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 399-401 ,
McConville K, Halsband C, Fileman ES, Somerfield PJ, Findlay HS & Spicer JI (2013) 'Effects of elevated CO2 on the reproduction of two calanoid copepods' Mar Pollut Bull 73, (2) 428-434 ,
Cripps G, Widdicombe S, Spicer JI & Findlay HS (2013) 'Biological impacts of enhanced alkalinity in Carcinus maenas' Mar Pollut Bull 71, (1-2) 190-198 ,
Calosi P, Turner LM, Hawkins M, Bertolini C, Nightingale G, Truebano M & Spicer JI (2013) 'Multiple physiological responses to multiple environmental challenges: an individual approach' Integr Comp Biol 53, (4) 660-670 ,
Calosi P, Rastrick SP, Graziano M, Thomas SC, Baggini C, Carter HA, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M & Spicer JI (2013) 'Distribution of sea urchins living near shallow water CO(2) vents is dependent upon species acid-base and ion-regulatory abilities' Mar Pollut Bull ,
Jarrold MD, Calosi P, Verberk WCEP, Rastrick SPS, Atfield A & Spicer JI (2013) 'Physiological plasticity preserves the metabolic relationship of the intertidal non-calcifying anthozoan-<i>Symbiodinium</i> symbiosis under ocean acidification' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 449, 200-206 ,
Tills O, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2013) 'Variance in developmental event timing is greatest at low biological levels: implications for heterochrony' BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 110, (3) 581-590 ,
Arnberg M, Calosi P, Spicer JI, Tandberg AHS, Nilsen M, Westerlund S & Bechmann RK (2013) 'Elevated temperature elicits greater effects than decreased pH on the development, feeding and metabolism of northern shrimp (<i>Pandalus borealis</i>) larvae' MARINE BIOLOGY 160, (8) 2037-2048 ,
Spicer JI (2013) 'Physiological changes accompanying the presence of black gill syndrome in the high shore amphipod <i>Traskorchestia traskiana</i>' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 446, 131-138 ,
Tills O, Bitterli T, Culverhouse P, Spicer JI & Rundle S (2013) 'A novel application of motion analysis for detecting stress responses in embryos at different stages of development' BMC Bioinformatics 14, ,
Calosi P, Rastrick SPS, Lombardi C, de Guzman HJ, Davidson L, Jahnke M, Giangrande A, Hardege JD, Schulze A & Spicer JI (2013) 'Adaptation and acclimatization to ocean acidification in marine ectotherms: an in situ transplant experiment with polychaetes at a shallow CO2 vent system' Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368, (1627) ,
Bitterli TS, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2012) 'Development of cardiovascular function in the marine gastropod Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus)' J Exp Biol 215, (Pt 13) 2327-2333 ,
Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2012) 'Acute extracellular acid-base disturbance in the burrowing sea urchin Brissopsis lyrifera during exposure to a simulated CO2 release' Sci Total Environ 427-428, 203-207 ,
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI, Verberk WCEP, Atfield A & Garland T (2012) 'The comparative biology of diving in two genera of European Dytiscidae (Coleoptera)' J Evol Biol 25, (2) 329-341 ,
de la Haye KL, Spicer JI, Widdicombe S & Briffa M (2012) 'Reduced pH sea water disrupts chemo-responsive behaviour in an intertidal crustacean' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 412, 134-140 ,
Bozinovic F, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2011) 'Physiological Correlates of Geographic Range in Animals' ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND SYSTEMATICS, VOL 42 42, 155-179 ,
Tills O, Rundle SD, Salinger M, Haun T, Pfenninger M & Spicer JI (2011) 'A genetic basis for intraspecific differences in developmental timing?' EVOLUTION & DEVELOPMENT 13, (6) 542-548 ,
Spicer JI, Rundle SD & Tills O (2011) 'Studying the altered timing of physiological events during development: it's about time…or is it?' Respir Physiol Neurobiol 178, (1) 3-12 ,
Verberk WCEP, Bilton DT, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2011) 'Oxygen supply in aquatic ectotherms: partial pressure and solubility together explain biodiversity and size patterns' Ecology 92, (8) 1565-1572 ,
Ellis RP, Parry H, Spicer JI, Hutchinson TH, Pipe RK & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Immunological function in marine invertebrates: responses to environmental perturbation' Fish Shellfish Immunol 30, (6) 1209-1222 ,
Rundle SD, Smirthwaite JJ, Colbert MW & Spicer JI (2011) 'Predator cues alter the timing of developmental events in gastropod embryos' Biol Lett 7, (2) 285-287 ,
Spicer JI, Widdicombe S, Needham HR & Berge JA (2011) 'Impact of CO<sub>2</sub>-acidified seawater on the extracellular acid-base balance of the northern sea urchin <i>Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis</i>' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 407, (1) 19-25 ,
de la Haye KL, Spicer JI, Widdicombe S & Briffa M (2011) 'Reduced sea water pH disrupts resource assessment and decision making in the hermit crab <i>Pagurus bernhardus</i>' ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR 82, (3) 495-501 ,
Wood HL, Spicer JI, Kendall MA, Lowe DM & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Ocean warming and acidification; implications for the Arctic brittlestar Ophiocten sericeum' POLAR BIOLOGY 34, (7) 1033-1044 ,
Morley SA, Lemmon V, Obermueller BE, Spicer JI, Clark MS & Peck LS (2011) 'Duration tenacity: A method for assessing acclimatory capacity of the Antarctic limpet, <i>Nacella concinna</i>' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 399, (1) 39-42 ,
Findlay HS, Wood HL, Kendall MA, Spicer JI, Twitchett RJ & Widdicombe S (2011) 'Comparing the impact of high CO<sub>2</sub> on calcium carbonate structures in different marine organisms' MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH 7, (6) 565-575 ,
Findlay HS, Burrows MT, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Can ocean acidification affect population dynamics of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides at its southern range edge?' Ecology 91, (10) 2931-2940 ,
Mourabit S, Rundle SD, Spicer JI & Sloman KA (2010) 'Alarm substance from adult zebrafish alters early embryonic development in offspring' Biol Lett 6, (4) 525-528 ,
Marchant HK, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2010) 'Short-term exposure to hypercapnia does not compromise feeding, acid-base balance or respiration of <i>Patella vulgata</i> but surprisingly is accompanied by radula damage' JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 90, (7) 1379-1384 ,
Wood HL, Spicer JI, Lowe DM & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Interaction of ocean acidification and temperature; the high cost of survival in the brittlestar Ophiura ophiura' MARINE BIOLOGY 157, (9) 2001-2013 ,
Sanchez-Fernandez D, Calosi P, Atfield A, Arribas P, Velasco J, Spicer JI, Millan A & Bilton DT (2010) 'Reduced salinities compromise the thermal tolerance of hypersaline specialist diving beetles' PHYSIOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY 35, (3) 265-273 ,
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Post-larval development of two intertidal barnacles at elevated CO<sub>2</sub> and temperature' MARINE BIOLOGY 157, (4) 725-735 ,
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Relative influences of ocean acidification and temperature on intertidal barnacle post-larvae at the northern edge of their geographic distribution' ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE 86, (4) 675-682 ,
Dissanayake A, Clough R, Spicer JI & Jones MB (2010) 'Effects of hypercapnia on acid-base balance and osmo-/iono-regulation in prawns (Decapoda: Palaemonidae)' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 11, (1) 27-36 ,
Small D, Calosi P, White D, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2010) 'Impact of medium-term exposure to CO<sub>2</sub> enriched seawater on the physiological functions of the velvet swimming crab <i>Necora puber</i>' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 10, (1) 11-21 ,
Tills O, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2010) 'Salinity-induced heterokairy in an upper-estuarine population of the snail <i>Radix balthica</i> (Mollusca: Pulmonata)' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 9, (1) 95-105 ,
Janas U & Spicer JI (2010) 'Seasonal and temperature effects on osmoregulation by the invasive prawn <i>Palaemon elegans</i> Rathke, 1837 in the Baltic Sea' MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH 6, (3) 333-337 ,
Spicer JI & Saborowski R (2010) 'Physiology and metabolism of Northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica Sars)' Adv Mar Biol 57, 91-126 ,
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI, Votier SC & Atfield A (2010) 'What determines a species' geographical range? Thermal biology and latitudinal range size relationships in European diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)' J Anim Ecol 79, (1) 194-204 ,
Gaston KJ, Chown SL, Calosi P, Bernardo J, Bilton DT, Clarke A, Clusella-Trullas S, Ghalambor CK, Konarzewski M & Peck LS (2009) 'Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification' Am Nat 174, (5) 595-612 ,
Egilsdottir H, Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2009) 'The effect of CO2 acidified sea water and reduced salinity on aspects of the embryonic development of the amphipod Echinogammarus marinus (Leach)' Mar Pollut Bull 58, (8) 1187-1191 ,
Arnold KE, Wells C & Spicer JI (2009) 'Effect of an insect juvenile hormone analogue, Fenoxycarb on development and oxygen uptake by larval lobsters Homarus gammarus (L.)' Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 149, (3) 393-396 ,
Smirthwaite J, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2009) 'The use of developmental sequences for assessing evolutionary change in gastropods' AMERICAN MALACOLOGICAL BULLETIN 27, (1-2) 105-111 ,
Arnold KE, Findlay HS, Spicer JI, Daniels CL & Boothroyd D (2009) 'Effect of CO<sub>2</sub>-related acidification on aspects of the larval development of the European lobster, <i>Homarus gammarus</i> (L.)' BIOGEOSCIENCES 6, (8) 1747-1754 ,
Byrne RA, Rundle SD, Smirthwaite JJ & Spicer JI (2009) 'Embryonic rotational behaviour in the pond snail <i>Lymnaea stagnalis</i>: influences of environmental oxygen and development stage' ZOOLOGY 112, (6) 471-477 ,
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2009) 'Future high CO<sub>2</sub> in the intertidal may compromise adult barnacle <i>Semibalanus balanoides</i> survival and embryonic development rate' MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES 389, 193-202 ,
Ellis RP, Bersey J, Rundle SD, Hall-Spencer JM & Spicer JI (2009) 'Subtle but significant effects of CO<sub>2</sub> acidified seawater on embryos of the intertidal snail, <i>Littorina obtusata</i>' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 5, (1) 41-48 ,
Wood HL, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2009) 'The influence of hypercapnia and the infaunal brittlestar <i>Amphiura filiformis</i> on sediment nutrient flux - will ocean acidification affect nutrient exchange?' BIOGEOSCIENCES 6, (10) 2015-2024 ,
Wood HL, Spicer JI & Widdicombe S (2008) 'Ocean acidification may increase calcification rates, but at a cost' Proc Biol Sci 275, (1644) 1767-1773 ,
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2008) 'Thermal tolerance, acclimatory capacity and vulnerability to global climate change' Biology Letters 4, (1) 99-102 ,
Mowles SL, Briffa M, Cotton PA & Spicer JI (2008) 'The role of circulating metal ions during shell fights in the hermit crab <i>Pagurus bernhardus</i>' ETHOLOGY 114, (10) 1014-1022 ,
Janas U & Spicer JI (2008) 'Does the effect of low temperature on osmoregulation by the prawn <i>Palaemon elegans</i> Rathke, 1837 explain winter migration offshore?' MARINE BIOLOGY 153, (5) 937-943 ,
Bibby R, Widdicombe S, Parry H, Spicer J & Pipe R (2008) 'Effects of ocean acidification on the immune response of the blue mussel <i>Mytilus edulis</i>' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 2, (1) 67-74 ,
Findlay HS, Kendall MA, Spicer JI, Turley C & Widdicombe S (2008) 'Novel microcosm system for investigating the effects of elevated carbon dioxide and temperature on intertidal organisms' AQUATIC BIOLOGY 3, (1) 51-62 ,
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2007) 'The diving response of a diving beetle: effects of temperature and acidification' Journal of Zoology 273, (3) 289-297 ,
Calosi P, Bilton DT & Spicer JI (2007) 'The diving response of the diving beetle Ilybius montanus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae): the effects of temperature and acidification' Journal of Zoology 273, 289-297
Smirthwaite JJ, Rundle SD, Bininda-Emonds ORP & Spicer JI (2007) 'An integrative approach identifies developmental sequence heterochronies in freshwater basommatophoran snails' Evolution & Development 9, (2) 122-130
Miles H, Widdicombe S, Spicer JI & Hall-Spencer J (2007) 'Effects of anthropogenic seawater acidification on acid-base balance in the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris' Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, (1) 89-96
Spicer JI, Raffo A & Widdicombe S (2007) 'Influence of CO2-related seawater acidification on extracellular acid-base balance in the velvet swimming crab Necora puber' Marine Biology 151, (3) 1117-1125
Spicer J (2007) 'Just because they can, doesn't mean they do! The importance of field-based ecophysiology' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, (4) S75-S75
Bibby R, Cleall-Harding P, Rundle S, Widdicombe S & Spicer J (2007) 'Ocean acidification disrupts induced defences in the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea' Biology Letters 3, (6) 699-701
Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2007) 'Plasticity in the timing of physiological development: Physiological heterokairy - What is it, how frequent is it, and does it matter?' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 148, (4) 712-719
Calosi P, Bilton DT, Spicer JI & Atfield A (2007) 'Thermal tolerance and geographic range size in the Agabus brunneus group of European diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)' Journal of Biogeography 35, 295-305
Calosi P, Bilton D & Spicer J (2007) 'What determines a species' geographic range? Thermal biology and geographical range sizerelationships in European diving beetles' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 146, (4) S209-S209
Spicer JI & Janas U (2006) 'The beachflea Platorchestia platensis (Krøyer, 1845): A new addition to the Polish fauna (with a key to Baltic talitrid amphipods)' Oceanologia 48, (2) 321-329
Byrne RA, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2006) 'Embryonic larval heart and cardiac response to hypoxia in a prosobanch mollusc' Integrative and Comparative Biology 46, E175-E175
Spicer JI (2006) 'Gut reaction by heartless shrimps: experimental evidence for the role of the gut in generating circulation before cardiac ontogeny' Biology Letters 2, (4) 580-582
Spicer JI & Rundle SD (2006) 'Out of place and out of time - towards a more integrated approach to heterochrony' Animal Biology 56, (4) 487-502
Spicer JI & Janas U (2006) 'The beachflea Platorchestia platensis (Kroyer, 1845): a new addition to the Polish fauna (with a key to Baltic talitrid amphipods)' Oceanologia 48, (2) 287-295
Smirthwaite J, Rundle S & Spicer J (2005) '2 cells, 4 cells, 8 cells...... Trochophore, veliger, hippo??' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 141, (3) S124-S125
Byrne RA, Rundle SD & Spicer JI (2005) 'Effects of oxygen tension on embryonic behavior in the pondsnail, Lymnaea stagnalis' Integrative and Comparative Biology 45, (6) 1115-1115
Cowling J, Spicer JI, Gaston KJ & Weeks JM (2004) 'Current status of an amphipod invader, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt, 1925), in Britain' Journal of Natural History 38, (13) 1665-1675
Cowling JE, Weeks JA, Spicer JI & Gaston KJ (2004) 'Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? A test using mesocosms' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 139, (2) 251-259
Camus L, Davies PE, Spicer JI & Jones MB (2004) 'Temperature-dependent physiological response of Carcinus maenas exposed to copper' Marine Environmental Research 58, (2-5) 781-785
Rundle SD, Spicer JI, Coleman RA, Vosper J & Soane J (2004) 'Environmental calcium modifies induced defences in snails' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 271, S67-S70
Baden SP, Hakansson CLJ & Spicer JI (2003) 'Between-individual variation in haemocyanin concentrations in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus following exposure to hypoxia and manganese' Marine Biology 143, (2) 267-273
Spicer JI & Hodgson E (2003) 'Between-population variation in haemocyanin subunit composition of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea : Amphipoda)' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83, (5) 945-947
Spicer JI & Burggren WW (2003) 'Development of physiological regulatory systems: altering the timing of crucial events' Zoology 106, (2) 91-99
Cowling JE, Spicer JI, Weeks JM & Gaston KJ (2003) 'Environmental tolerances of an invasive terrestrial amphipod, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) in Britain' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 136, (3) 735-747
Spicer JI (2003) 'Following changes in timing during the development of physiological function' Integrative and Comparative Biology 43, (6) 967-967
Spicer JI & Stromberg JO (2003) 'Metabolic responses to low salinity of the shipworm Teredo navalis (L.)' Sarsia 88, (4) 302-305
Spicer JI (2003) 'Phenotypic plasticity of developmental physiology itineraries: Insights from crustaceans' Integrative and Comparative Biology 43, (6) 939-939
Spicer JI & Hodgson E (2003) 'Structural basis for salinity-induced alteration in oxygen binding by haemocyanin from the estuarine amphipod Chaetogammarus marinus (L.)' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76, (6) 843-849
Spicer JI & Stromberg JO (2003) 'Developmental changes in the responses of O-2 uptake and ventilation to acutely declining O-2 tensions in larval krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295, (2) 207-218
Spicer JI & Eriksson SP (2003) 'Does the development of respiratory regulation always accompany the transition from pelagic larvae to benthic fossorial postlarvae in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus (L.)?' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295, (2) 219-243
Johns DG, Edwards M, Richardson A & Spicer JI (2003) 'Increased blooms of a dinoflagellate in the NW Atlantic' Marine Ecology-Progress Series 265, 283-287
Spicer JI & Strömberg JO (2002) 'Diel vertical migration and the haemocyanin of Norway krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica' Marine Ecology - Progress Series 238, 153-162
Stromberg JO, Spicer JI, Liljebladh B & Thomasson MA (2002) 'Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, come up to see the last eclipse of the millennium?' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82, (5) 919-920
Spicer JI, Dando CL & Maltby L (2002) 'Anaerobic capacity of a crustacean sensitive to low environmental oxygen tensions, the freshwater amphipod Gammarus pulex (L.)' Hydrobiologia 477, (1-3) 189-194
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2001) 'The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species of<i>Gammarus</i>(Amphipoda)' Global Ecology and Biogeography 10, (2) 179-188 ,
Spicer JI (2001) 'Development of cardiac function in crustaceans: Patterns and processes' American Zoologist 41, (5) 1068-1077
Spicer JI & Baden SP (2001) 'Environmental hypoxia and haemocyanin between-individual variability in Norway lobsters Nephrops norvegicus (L.)' Marine Biology 139, (4) 727-734
Spicer JI & Stratford J (2001) 'Student perceptions of a virtual field trip to replace a real field trip' Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 17, (4) 345-354
Hodgson E & Spicer JI (2001) 'Subunit compositions of crustacean haemocyanins are species-specific: evidence from non-decapod species' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-Molecular & Integrative Physiology 128, (4) 873-888
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2001) 'The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species of Gammarus (Amphipoda)' Global Ecology and Biogeography 10, 209-218
Spicer JI (2000) 'Development of cardiac function in crustaceans: patterns, processes and implications' AMERICAN ZOOLOGIST 40, (6) 1218-1218
Strömberg J-O & Spicer JI (2000) 'Cold comfort for krill? Respiratory consequences of diel vertical migration by<i>Meganyctiphanes norvegica</i>into deep hypoxic waters' Ophelia 53, (3) 213-217 ,
Spicer JI & Baden SP (2000) 'Natural variation in the concentrations of haemocyanin from three decapod crustaceans, Nephrops norvegicus , Liocarcinus depurator and Hyas aranaeus' Marine Biology 136, (1) 55-61 ,
Spicer JI & El-Gamal MM (1999) 'Hypoxia accelerates the development of respiratory regulation in brine shrimp – but at a cost' Journal of Experimental Biology 202, (24) 3637-3646 ,
Spicer JI & El-Gamal MM (1999) 'Hypoxia accelerates the development of respiratory regulation in brine shrimp - But at a cost' Journal of Experimental Biology 202, (24) 3637-3646
Spicer & Gaston (1999) 'Amphipod gigantism dictated by oxygen availability?' Ecology Letters 2, (6) 397-403 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1999) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Talitridae) III. Physiological competency as a possible explanation for timing of hatchling release' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232, (2) 275-283 ,
Spicer JI, Thomasson MA & Strömberg JO (1999) 'Possessing a poor anaerobic capacity does not prevent the diel vertical migration of Nordic krill Meganyctiphanes norvegica into hypoxic waters' Marine Ecology Progress Series 185, 181-187 ,
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (1998) 'Do upper thermal tolerances differ in geographically separated populations of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda)?' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 229, (2) 265-276 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1998) 'The physiological ecology of talitrid amphipods: an update' Canadian Journal of Zoology 76, (11) 1965-1982 ,
Spicer JI (1998) 'Is the reduced metabolism of hypogean amphipods solely a result of food limitation?' Hydrobiologia 377, (1/3) 201-204 ,
Gaston K, Blackburn T & Spicer J (1998) 'Reply from K.J. Gaston, T.M. Blackburn and J.I. Spicer' Trends in Ecology &amp; Evolution 13, (6) 242-242 ,
Spicer JI, Morritt D & Maltby L (1998) 'Effect of water‐borne zinc on osmoregulation in the freshwater amphipod <i>Gammarus pulex</i> (L.) from populations that differ in their sensitivity to metal stress' Functional Ecology 12, (2) 242-247 ,
Gaston KJ, Blackburn TM & Spicer JI (1998) 'Rapoport's rule: time for an epitaph?' Trends in Ecology &amp; Evolution 13, (2) 70-74 ,
Spicer J (1997) 'Old and new agendas for ontogeny' Trends in Ecology &amp; Evolution 12, (10) 381-382 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda) II. Embryonic osmoregulation' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 207, (1-2) 205-216 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'Developmental ecophysiology of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda). I. Female control of the embryonic environment' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 207, (1-2) 191-203 ,
Spicer JI & Tabel H (1996) 'Notes on the occurrence of the introduced landhopper<i>Arcitalitrus dorrieni</i>(Hunt, 1925) on Guernsey, Channel Islands' Journal of Natural History 30, (11) 1625-1632 ,
Spicer JI & Morritt D (1996) 'Ontogenic changes in cardiac function in crustaceans' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 114, (1) 81-89 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1996) 'The Culture of Eggs and Embryos of Amphipod Crustaceans: Implications For Brood Pouch Physiology' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 76, (2) 361-376 ,
Spicer JI (1995) 'Effect of water-borne copper on respiratory and cardiac function during the early ontogeny of the brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana Kellogg 1908 (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 165, (6) ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1995) 'Changes in the pattern of osmoregulation in the brackish water amphipod <i>Gammarus duebeni</i> Lilljeborg (crustacea) during embryonic development' Journal of Experimental Zoology 273, (4) 271-281 ,
Spicer JI (1995) 'Oxygen and acid-base status of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris during environmental hypoxia' Marine Biology 124, (1) 71-76 ,
Spicer JI & Morritt D (1995) 'Oxygen Carriage By the Haemolymph of Hyperiid Amphipods' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 75, (4) 997-998 ,
Spicer JI (1995) 'Ontogeny of respiratory function in crustaceans exhibiting either direct or indirect development' Journal of Experimental Zoology 272, (6) 413-418 ,
Spicer JI & Bonsall M (1995) 'An Evaluation of the Use of Student‐centred Investigations in Teaching Comparative Animal Physiology to Undergraduates' Research in Science &amp; Technological Education 13, (1) 25-35 ,
Spicer JI (1994) 'Ontogeny of cardiac function in the brine shrimp <i>Artemia franciscana</i> Kellogg 1906 (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)' Journal of Experimental Zoology 270, (6) 508-516 ,
Duncan P, Spicer JI, Taylor AC & Davies PS (1994) 'Acid-base disturbances accompanying emersion in the scallop Pecten maximus (L.)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 182, (1) 15-25 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1994) 'Oxygen-binding by haemocyanins from an ecological series of amphipod crustaceans' Marine Biology 120, (2) 231-237 ,
Spicer JI, Morritt D & Taylor AC (1994) 'Effect of low temperature on oxygen uptake and haemolymph ions in the sandhopper <i>Talitrus saltator</i> (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 74, (2) 313-321 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1994) 'The origin and metabolic significance of exosomatic water in the semi‐terrestrial beachflea, <i>Orchestia gammarellus</i> (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of Zoology 232, (4) 617-632 ,
Spicer JI (1994) 'The use of student-centred investigations in teaching comparative animal physiology' Biochemical Education 22, (1) 14-14 ,
Spicer JI (1993) 'Oxygen binding by amphipod (Crustacea) haemocyanins' Marine Behaviour and Physiology 24, (2) 123-136 ,
Morritt D & Spicer JI (1993) 'A brief re-examination of the function and regulation of extracellular magnesium and its relationship to activity in crustacean arthropods' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 106, (1) 19-23 ,
Spicer JI & Weber RE (1992) 'Respiratory impairment by water-borne copper and zinc in the edible crab cancer pagurus (L.) (Crustacea: Decapoda) during hypoxic exposure' Marine Biology 112, (3) 429-435 ,
Spicer J & McMahon B (1992) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea)' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 162, (1) ,
Spicer J & McMahon B (1991) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea) II. Effect of freezing, inorganic ions, and urate on O2 binding in vitro' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 161, (2) ,
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1991) 'Acid-base disturbances in the haemolymph of the prawns, Palaemon elegans (Rathke) and P. serratus (Pennant) (Crustacea: Decapoda) during exposure to hypoxia' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 98, (3-4) 445-452 ,
Spicer JI & Weber RE (1991) 'Respiratory impairment in crustaceans and molluscs due to exposure to heavy metals' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Comparative Pharmacology 100, (3) 339-342 ,
Spicer JI & McMahon BR (1990) 'Haemocyanin oxygen binding and the physiological ecology of a range of talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea) I. pH, temperature, and l-lactate sensitivity' Journal of Comparative Physiology B 160, (2) 195-200 ,
Spicer JI, Taylor AC & McMahon BR (1990) '(O2-binding properties of haemocyanin from the sandhopper Talitrus saltator (Montagu, 1808) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 135, (3) 213-228 ,
Spicer JI, Hill AD, Taylor AC & Strang RHC (1990) 'Effect of aerial exposure on concentrations of selected metabolites in blood of the Norwegian lobsterNephrops norvegicus (Crustacea: Nephropidae)' Marine Biology 105, (1) 129-135 ,
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1989) 'Interspecific comparison of the respiratory response to declining oxygen tension and the oxygen transporting properties of the blood of some palaemonid prawns (Crustacea:<i>Palaemonidae)</i>' Marine Behaviour and Physiology 14, (2) 81-91 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1989) 'O2-binding by the blood of the landhopper, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 92, (3) 421-422 ,
Spicer JI, Taylor AC & Hill AD (1988) 'Acid-base status in the sea urchins Psammechinus miliaris and Echinus esculentus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) during emersion' Marine Biology 99, (4) 527-534 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Carbon dioxide transport and acid-base regulation in the blood of the beach-hopper<i>Orchestia gammarellus</i>(Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Ophelia 28, (1) 49-61 ,
(1987) 'The physiological ecology of land invasion by the Talitridae (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 232, (1266) 95-124 ,
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1987) 'Metabolic responses of the prawns Palaemon elegans and P. serratus (Crustacea: Decapoda) to acute hypoxia and anoxia' Marine Biology 95, (4) 521-530 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Respiration in air and water of some semi- and fully terrestrial talitrids (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Talitridae)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 106, (3) 265-277 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1987) 'Ionic regulation and salinity related changes in haemolymph protein in the semi-terrestrial beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 88, (2) 243-246 ,
Taylor AC, Spicer JI & Preston T (1987) 'The relationship between osmoregulation and nitrogen metabolism in the intertidal prawn, Palaemon elegans (Rathke)' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 88, (2) 291-298 ,
Spicer JI & Taylor AC (1986) 'A comparative study of the gill area relationships in some talitrid amphipods' Journal of Natural History 20, (4) 935-947 ,
Moore PG & Spicer JI (1986) 'On the status of<i>Arcitalitrus dorrieni</i>(Crustacea: Amphipoda) on the island of Colonsay, Inner Hebrides' Journal of Natural History 20, (3) 667-680 ,
Taylor AC & Spicer JI (1986) 'Oxygen-transporting properties of the blood of two semi-terrestrial amphipods, Orchestia gammarellus (Pallas) and O. mediterranea (Costa)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 97, (2) 135-150 ,
Reviews
Spicer JI & Saborowski R (2010) 'PHYSIOLOGY AND METABOLISM OF NORTHERN KRILL (<i>MEGANYCTIPHANES NORVEGICA</i> SARS)' ADVANCES IN MARINE BIOLOGY, VOL 57 57, 91-126 ,
Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2008) 'Predicting the impact of ocean acidification on benthic biodiversity: What can animal physiology tell us?' JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 366, (1-2) 187-197 ,
Books
Spicer JI (2006) Biodiversity: A beginner's guide. Oneworld Books, Oxford
Burggren WW; Pelster B; Reiber CL; Spicer JI; Warburton S (2005) New Directions in Developmental Physiology. Oxford University Press: Oxford
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2003) Biodiversity: An introduction. (2nd ed). Blackwells
Gaston KJ & Spicer JI (2002) BIOPOIKILOTHTA. Mia eisagwgh (Greek Translation of Biodiversity).
Barnes RSK, Calow P, Olive PJW, Golding DW & Spicer JI (2001) The invertebrates: a new synthesis (3rd edition).
Chapters
Nancollas SJ & Spicer JI (2024) 'Emersion and hypoxia' Ecophysiology of the European Green Crab (Carcinus Maenas) and Related Species Elsevier 207-229 ,
Spicer J (2023) 'Respiration' Frontiers in Invertebrate Physiology: A Collection of Reviews Apple Academic Press 1-54 ,
Spicer JI, Tills OA, Truebano M & Rundle SD (2018) 'Developmental Plasticity and Heterokairy' in Burggren W; Dubanksy B Development and Environment ,
Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2011) 'Effects of Ocean Acidification on Sediment Fauna' Ocean Acidification Oxford University Press ,
Conference Papers
Verberk WCEP, Bilton DT, Calosi P & Spicer JI (2013) 'How oxygen and temperature changes across latitude and elevation determine ecological distribution patterns' E219-E219
Calosi P, Turner LM, Hawkins M, Nightingale G, Bertolini C, Truebano-Garcia M, Ford A & Spicer JI (2013) 'The effect of exposure to multiple environmental challenges on multiple physiological responses: an inter-individual approach' E28-E28
Mourabit S, Rundle SD, Spicer JI & Sloman KA (2009) 'Alarm substance alters early embryonic development in two <i>Danio</i> species' S105-S105 ,
Calosi P, Donohue P, Alber S & Spicer JI (2009) 'Synergistic effect of ocean acidification and elevated temperature on the physiological ecology of the intertidal crab <i>Porcellana platycheles</i>' S169-S169 ,
Mesher C, Foggo A & Spicer JI (2009) 'Understanding physiological tolerance through thermal limits of three amphipod species' S170-S170 ,
Sanders JL, Kendall MA, Hawkins AJS & Spicer JI (2007) 'Can functional groups be used to indicate estuarine ecological status?' 45-58 ,